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Infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to conceive. It affects 1 in 6 couples globally and can be defined as the failure of a couple to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected intercourse or after six menstrual cycles during which ovulation (release of an egg) has occurred.
The causes of infertility are often unclear and may involve several factors. In up to 50% of cases, no cause can be identified (idiopathic infertility). The most common identifiable causes are related to abnormalities in the uterus or Fallopian tubes, problems with ovulation, low sperm count in men, or structural abnormalities of the reproductive organs.
In this article, you shall learn some common causes for male and female infertility as well as how these conditions can be treated.
The HSG test is a procedure that can be used to diagnose infertility. A doctor in a fertility clinic in Dubai inserts a dye into the uterus and fallopian tubes and then takes X-rays of the organs to see if there are any blockages.
The HSG does not require anesthesia, but it does involve some discomfort during the insertion of the dye into your uterus. You will also need to avoid sex for a week before this procedure because it can cause severe pelvic pain if you have sex during this time.
Ovulation monitoring is a way of tracking the female reproductive cycle. It includes several tests that help determine if ovulation is occurring and identify the best time to conceive. A woman’s menstrual cycle typically lasts 28 days, but there may be slight variations in length and regularity.
Each month, an egg is released by an ovary (called ovulation). A sperm must meet with this egg to create a pregnancy. Ovulation typically occurs 14 days before the next menstrual period begins and can happen only once per cycle. Your body will generally release only one egg each month, although it’s possible to have multiple eggs released simultaneously.
If you’re experiencing infertility, your doctor in the fertility center in Dubai may recommend a hysteroscopy. During this procedure, your doctor will use a hysteroscope to look inside the uterus. The procedure can be done under general anesthesia. It can be done in a doctor’s office or a hospital depending on how far you are from having children.
Semen Analysis & Post-Coital Test
Semen analysis is a test that measures the quality of semen. This test has two parts: sperm evaluation and sperm motility. The first involves examining how many sperm cells are present and how they move (swimming). The second one evaluates how well they move.
They swim through an artificial vagina to see whether they can get to the egg. A post-coital test is also done after intercourse to check if sperms survive in vaginal fluids after sex and can penetrate an egg before it dies off within 24 hours after ovulation.
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose problems with the female reproductive system. A thin tube, or cannula, is inserted through a small cut in your belly button.
The doctor can see inside your abdomen using an endoscope, like a tiny camera attached to the end of the cannula. From there, they can make various assessments about your reproductive organs before making any decisions about treatment options.
Laparoscopy is also used to remove endometriosis—a condition where cells from the uterine lining grow outside of the uterus—by burning off damaged tissue with heat from an instrument called an electrosurgical unit (EST).
Infertility is a diagnosis that can be difficult to deal with. It may take some time to get pregnant and start your family. The first step in getting treatment is to find out what the cause of infertility is so that you can choose which treatment option works best for you.